Prerequisites: Biology, Chemistry I recommended
Anatomy and Physiology deals with the structure and function of the human body at a level appropriate for those preparing to enter a medically related field of study in college or those wishing to acquire a basic understanding of how the anatomical structures and physiological processes of the human body interact. The class begins with a review of some basic biological principles, such as body organization, cell structure, and genetic principles. Extensive studies of the major organ systems are covered for the majority of the course. The major professions of the health field are briefly discussed in relation to availability, appropriate colleges, etc.
Students will know and apply concepts that explain how humans function, adapt, and change.
1. An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology
Characteristics and maintenance of life.
2. The Chemical Basis of Life
Structure of Matter
Components and functions
5. Skin and the Integumentary System
Membranes and Tissues
6. Skeletal System
Bone structure, development and function.
7. Muscular System
Structure, contraction, and response of skeletal muscle.
8. Nervous System
General functions and structures of the nervous system.
9. Somatic and Special Senses
10. Endocrine System
Major structures of the endocrine system.
Red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.
12. Cardiovascular System
Structure and functions of the heart.
13. Lymphatic System and Immunity
Structures and functions of the lymphatic system.
14. Digestion and Nutrition
Structures and functions of the digestive system.
15. Respiratory System
Structures and functions of the respiratory system.
16. Urinary System
Structures and functions of the urinary system.
17. Reproductive Systems and Pregnancy, Growth and Development.
Structures and functions of the male and female reproductive system.
18. Dissection of the fetal pig
In groups of two, students develop in-depth fetal pig dissection techniques. Procedures and results are reported in a comprehensive, detailed laboratory report. This assignment is completed during the 4th quarter of each school year.
This class is taught through lecture, study guides, projects, presentations, independent study, readings, videos, guest speakers, and field trips. Students are allowed to work together on selected projects and are given worksheets and handouts to supplement each unit.
Cooperative group presentations to be evaluated by teacher and/or peers according to rubric detailed with various desirable behaviors that contribute to a quality project.
Shier, David., Jackie Butler, and Ricki Lewis. Hole’s Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology. Boston, Massachusetts: WCB McGraw-Hill, 2003. 8Th Edition
Videos – The Miracle of Life; Assignment Discovery An Inside Look: Heart Attack;
Field Trips to the St. Louis University Practical Anatomy Laboratory:
Field trips involve 3-D presentations of actual human body parts by practicing physicians. Each presentation is approximately an hour. These presentations may be followed by guided dissections. Lectures may include the human heart, lungs, brain and eye.
The final field trip, usually taken in March/April, students will participate in a guided tour of a human cadaver. All of the major structures and physiological processes of the human body are discussed by medical students currently attending St. Louis University.
A fee is associated with all trips taken by the anatomy and physiology class.
Sheep brain, sheep eye, sheep heart, sheep gastrointestinal system, sheep
Guest Speakers – May include, but are not limited to:
A representative from the Department of Nutrition and Dietetics at Saint Louis University will discuss career options in nutrition and dietetics as well as nutrition and disease prevention and eating disorders.
Representatives from Southwestern Illinois College (SWIC) Allied Health Areas will discuss opportunities available in the Allied Health areas.
Jean Dietz, an instructor at SWIC and laboratory tech at St. Elizabeth’s hospital in Belleville, will conduct a hands-on lab in the area of blood typing and urinalysis. If possible students will have a chance to determine their own blood types as well as perform simple diagnostic tests on their own urine.
Randolph County Deputy Coroner Randy Dudenbostel
A representative from BJC Health Care System will give a presentation using cadaver specimens to demonstrate the effects of alcohol and various drugs on the organs of the human body.
Job shadowing opportunities are available for students seriously considering careers in a medical field.
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