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Basic Agricultural Mechanics
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Prerequisites: Enrollment in 9th or 10th grade
Level: 9th or 10th
Credit(s): 1.0
Additional: Basic Agricultural Mechanics is an exploratory course to the agriculture mechanics industry. Basic Agricultural Mechanics provides students a practical hands-on learning experience that prepares students for upper-level agriculture courses. Therefore, the course is designed for freshman and sophomore students but exceptions will occasionally be made. This course is one year in length and upon successful completion of this course with a D or higher, 1 graduation credit will be awarded

Course Description

Basic Agricultural Mechanics is an introductory course that explores a wide variety of mechanical processes. Students will use scientific and mathematical applications through relevant mechanical topics. In addition, students will complete numerous lab-based and project-based activities that will give students the opportunity to develop an understanding of the scientific process and increase hand-eye coordination and motor skills. Areas of study in this course include careers in agriculture mechanics, mechanical safety and hazards, hand and power tools. Topic clusters in this course include electricity, small engines, welding and metal work, wood construction, and mechanical technology. Participation in FFA student organization activities and Supervised Agricultural Experience (SAE) projects is an integral course component for leadership development, career exploration, and reinforcement of academic concepts.

Course Objectives/Goals

  • Students will learn about the FFA organization and develop academic and leadership skills through participation in FFA events.
  • Students will explore potential careers of the agricultural mechanics industry.
  • Students will demonstrate safety practices while in the shop.
  • Students will be proficient in using hand and power tools.
  • Students will understand and assemble electrical schematics.
  • Students will explore small engines and their working components.
  • Students will be exposed to metal work and will demonstrate their working skills by successfully welding beads.
  • Students will demonstrate construction skills by systematically planning and operating equipment for a construction project.
  • Students will explain the impact of technology in the agricultural and mechanical industries.
  • Student Expectations

    It is important that students in this class keep an open mind and respect the differences in student ability, backgrounds and beliefs. All students are expected to come to class on time, be prepared, and participate on a daily basis. Students will be expected to follow all rules listed and described in the Steeleville High School Student Handbook and Steeleville High School Agriculture Program Student Handbook. It is expected that students wear appropriate attire (safety glasses, closed-toe shoes, protective clothing, etc.) during shop work. All students enrolled in Basic Agricultural Mechanics will be required to keep an updated SAE (Supervised Agricultural Experience) and retain membership in the FFA organization. Students will be expected to arrive daily with a writing utensil, note pad, and calculator.

    Teaching Methods

    Basic Agricultural Mechanics is a course taught through a wide variety of teaching methods, but with a dominant focus through hands-on learning. Students will learn through class lecture, small group discussion, class debate, laboratory exercises, video, readings, independent study, games, guest speakers, and both individual and group projects.


    Students will be assessed through regular completion of homework, projects, class participation, laboratories, and Supervised Agriculture Experiences. Quizzes will assess students throughout each unit and a test will be given upon completion of each unit.

    Grading Policy

    The grading procedure for this class will be out of 100%. The breakdown of percentiles can be seen below.

    Quizzes 10% Participation 15%

    Homework 15% Labs & Projects 30%

    Tests 20% SAE 10%

    The school’s standard grading scale will be used in the class

    A 94% - 100% B 87%- 93.99% C 77%-86.99%

    D 70%-76.99% F <69.99%

     Missed/Late Work

    Late homework assignments will automatically be dropped 10%, unless prior arrangements have been made or the missed assignment was due to an excused absence. Missed quizzes or tests due to an unexcused absence will result in a zero. Make-up dates will be allowed for all quizzes and tests missed due to an excused absence.

    Academic Honesty

    Academic integrity is a vital component for individual success within Steeleville’s Agriculture Department. Plagiarism and cheating by any student will result in a zero for the grade of the assignment
    and will follow punishment described in the student handbooks.


    A variety of text material will be given in this course. The primary text material will be MyCaert Agriculture Education State Curriculum readings. Text material will also include, but is not limited to, various textbook chapters, newspaper clippings, pamphlets, Internet articles, news articles, and short narrative briefs.

    Course Outline – Basic Agricultural Mechanics

    Unit I: FFA Organization & Supervised Agricultural Experiences


  • FFA Opportunities
  • Achievement in the FFA
  • Leading the FFA Chapter
  • Supervised Agriculture Experience

  • Possible SAE Programs
  • Planning Your SAE Program
  • Implementing SAE Programs Keeping and Using SAE Records
  • Long Range Plans for Expanding SAE Programs
  • Unit II: Introduction to Mechanic Systems, Safety, and Careers

    Agriculture Mechanics in Everyday Life

  • Identifying Basic Areas of Agriculture Mechanics
  • Exploring Careers in Agriculture Mechanics and Technology Systems
  • Safety in Agriculture Mechanics

  • Identifying Hazards in Agriculture Mechanics
  • Using Personal Safety in Agriculture Mechanics
  •  Unit III: Electrical Systems

    Electricity Fundamentals

  • Introducing Electricity and Electrical Safety
  • Exploring the Science of Electricity
  • Measuring and Calculating Electricity
  • Preparing to Electrify

  • Preparing and Using Schematics
  • Identifying Electrical Tools and Equipment
  • Electrical Shop Work Wiring Circuits

    Unit IV: Small Engines

    How Small Engines Work

  • Understanding Principles of Operation of Internal Combustion Engines
  • Identifying Engine Systems and Their Components
  • Differentiating 2-Stroke vs. 4-Stroke Engines
  • Small Engine Specifics

  • Fuel Systems
  • Tank, Lines, and Fittings
  • Fuel Pumps
  • Carburetion
  • Governors
  • Engine Systems
  • Electron-Theory
  • Magneto-Cycle
  • Engine Lubrication
  • Measuring Engine Components and Specifications
  • Working on Small Engines – Shop Work

  • Identifying and Using Tools for Small Engine Repair
  • Applying Preventative Maintenance Practices
  • Engine Take-Down and Reassembly
  • Unit V: Welding and Metal Work


  • Identifying Metals and Their Physical Properties
  • Applying Heat Treating Processes
  • Metal Bending and Fabrication
  • Metal Molding and Casting
  • Foundry and Lathe Work
  • Welding

  • Welding Equipment and Safety
  • Applying Fuel Gas Welding (FGW) Processes and Techniques
  • Using Metal Cutting Processes and Techniques
  • Applying Shielded Metal Arc Welding Techniques
  • Unit VI: Wood Construction


  • Using Rulers and Squares
  • Lines (Guide Lines, Border Lines, Hidden Lines, Extensions, etc.) Isometric Drawings
  • Orthographic Projections – Projection Project
  • Construction Systems Planning and Designing Project

  • Using Hand Tools
  • Using Power Tools
  • Caring for and Reconditioning Construction Tools
  • Using Construction Fasteners and Hardware
  • Selecting Lumber
  • Wood Construction Projects
  • Unit VII: Mechanical Technology

  • Determining the Use of Technology in World Food and Fiber Production
  • Determining the Role of Electronics in Agriculture Technology
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